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GHOST HUNTING EQUIPMENT 101
Ghost Hunting Equipment, Tips & Processes
Since the beginning of time man has been curious about the
afterlife. What happens to us after we pass? That 'haunting' question
has plagued him and driven him to seek a better understanding through
both spiritual/philosophic examination and scientific research.
speaking, the field of paranormal investigation has been led by those
who prefer to rely on spiritual and psychic means. With advancements in
technology and civilizations growing more sceptical many are turning their
efforts to focus more on a scientific platform. As paranormal
investigators our goal is to provide undeniable proof of paranormal
activity and study means in which to advance our knowledge of what lies
beyond our current scope.
I will below outline the
technologies that can be used for the purposes of paranormal
investigation and ghost hunting. Keeping in mind that the field of
paranormal research is completely theoretical at this point, we can
only speculate as to what can be used and provide advice from people
who have experimented which each. I have collected tips and advice from
fellow paranormal investigators and noted them in this site, which I
hope will provide you with a basis from which to conduct your own
research into the paranormal.
Ghost Hunting vs. Paranormal Investigations
I should probably explain the differences between Ghost Hunting and
Paranormal Investigations. Although it may seem like the same thing,
there is a big difference in the methodology and objectives of each.
speaking, Ghost hunting refers to the action of setting out to find
proof of afterlife-based paranormal activity. This is typically done in
a location previously deemed as active (or full of 'ghosts').
paranormal investigation, however, is performed by a team who sets out
to collect evidence to prove or disprove claims or suggestions of
paranormal activity. This is typically performed as a result of a
client requesting assistance in validating or debunking claims of
Before The Investigation
Fact Gathering & Research
best tool at your disposal is 'the facts'. Our job as paranormal
investigators is to gather as much information as possible. This
information will be pertinent in conducting a professional, efficient
and accurate investigation.
Learn as much as you can about the location your are going to be investigating
Research the history of the location including possible catastrophies
the client and people who are involved with the location including
residents, employees, owners - whomever might have knowledge of
potential activity (for the sake of the client's confidentiality, get
their permission before contacting others)
Know your team - know their strengths and weeknesses
Required Ghost Hunting Gear
For safety and proper
documentation I suggest having at the very least the following items on
each person for every investigation.
- An audio recorder is a must-have for any investigation - particularly
on a client investigation. This is primarily to document the entire
investigation as well as protecting yourself and your team in the event
the client makes claims later that you said or did something you did
not. Having an audio documentation of the entire proceedings should
protect you in this event. See more information on types of audio recorders
below. I like to call out the time to my audio recorder (called
'tagging') every 20 minutes or so. This is helpful when later reviewing
Flashlight - A must-have for any investigation, particularly at night and in darkened areas.
Lots of Batteries
- Because most equipment utilized during an investigation is portable
and requires batteries, make sure to have a stockpile on hand of every
type yoy may need.
Notebook and Pen -
This is particularly helpful when interviewing clients, jotting down
areas of interest on an initial walkthrough and documenting activity as
A Watch - A watch is
required to 'tag' your audio recorder and to note the time throughout
the investigation. One with a backlight is particularly helpful.
Standard Ghost Hunting Equipment & Gear
are a handy tool, not only for recording EVP (electronic voice
phenomena) but also for documenting your investigation. In addition,
this audio documentation can prove to be helpful in the event a client
claims you have said or done something you have not.
noted, the main reason for having an audio recorder on hand during an
investigation is to record potential EVPs. This phenomena occasionally
is heard when an intelligent being is attempting to communicate with
us. This can come through as a voice, taps, or other audible
disturbances. This is particularly notable when heard as a response to
a question or a request for signs of one's presence.
There are two main types of audio recorders including:
Digital Audio Recorder
Digital audio recorder, a more recent technology, uses an internal
hard drive to record audio. This gives you the ability to record many
hours depending on the size of the internal drive. They are typically
very small and include a manner in which to plug the device into your
home computer to retrieve the audio data - typically via a USB
connection. This audio is typically in a standard format such as MP3,
WAV, or WMV - again, depending on the type of recorder you get. Most
recorders will also allow you to separate out audio into folders making
it easier to note which segment is for what.
digital audio recorders require a separate USB cable. There are,
however, models that plug right into your computer via USB without the
need for a cable. I prefer this route as I am prone to losing things
and I have enough random cables as it is. I don't need another one.
These units I suggest as they do not require a separate cable.
Olympus - Compact digital audio recorder has a built in USB plug (does not require a cable) and records with great quality up to 272 hours of audio.
Tape, recorders, unlike digital audio recorders utilize an analog tape
to record. Some stand by this older technology claiming it records in a
more natural environment. I, for one, prefer the ease of use and
efficiency of the digital. In addition, because of the moving gears
used in tape recorders, they tend to pick up sounds generated
internally by the device. This can be detrimental to your evidence
How Do You Transfer Audio From Your Digital Recorder To Your Computer?
get this question a lot. Now that you've gotten your digital audio
recorder, how do you get the audio off the recorder on to your computer
an clip out what you want. Since, all manufacturers do things slightly
different you should really read the manual that came with your device
for instructions on how to get the audio onto your computer. That
aside, you can generally follow these basic steps:
your digital audio recorder into any available USB slot. If you're not
sure what that is, basically plug it in anywhere it will fit.
Macs and most PCs with Windows 2000, XP or Vista will automatically detect the device
Find your device and where the audio files are located.
Open your Finder. You should see a mounted drive in the top left corner
indicating the device. Click on that and browse into the folders to
find your audio files (typical formats include MP3, WAV, or WMV).
Double click the file to listen.
Go to My Computer. You should see a mounted drive somewhere indicating
the device. Double click on that and browse into the folders to find
your audio files (typical formats include MP3, WAV, or WMV). Double
click the file to listen.
How Do You Clip Out Sections Of The Audio And Edit?
that you've gotten the audio file onto your computer you're ready to
review the evidence. Once you've found something particularly
interesting you'll most likely want to clip out that section to send to
your team for review or put up on the internet, right? To do this, you
need a program capable of this. There are many out there, so here are a
few I suggest:
Audacity: A great application for simple tasks like clipping and cleanup PLUS it's FREE!
SoundForge: This is my favorite application for advanced audio tasks.
Adobe Soundbooth: The standard Adobe suite for production editing. Works seamlessly with Adobe Premier for integration with video and Flash.
each of these applications you can visually see the audio levels while
you're listing to it. To clip out what you want, simply select the
preferred area with your mouse and Copy/Paste that section to a new
file. Some applicatons may also have an option to save the selected
area to it's own file.
TIP: When clipping possible
audio for evidence, select at least 30 seconds before and after the
focal area. This helps those listening to get a better idea of what is
happening during the time of the activity.
One of the basic function tools of every investigation is a camera. They can be used not only for detecting paranormal activity but for documenting your investigation. There are a number of types of cameras out there serving different purposes.
Digital cameras are, of course, the easiest to use. Because you can transfer high quality photos directly from a digital camera right to your computer it saves time and money in having to process film. The drawback, however, is that many are not as flexible with their settings and have (in many cases) and long lag period when taking photos.
Camera Modifications (IR/Full Spectrum)
Cameras can be modified to see further into the light spectrum than we can see with our naked eye. On one end of the spectrum is Infrared (or IR) while on the opposite end is Ultraviolet (UV). Cameras can be modified through adjusting or removing filters to see deeper into either end of the spectrum. Conversion of the camera to see deeper into both IR and UV is called Full Spectrum.
There are different theories as to what constitutes good Full Spectrum. In some cases the filter is removed and in others it is replaced to see IR and UV but NOT the visible spectrum. I consider the latter (where visible light is blocked) as a multi-spectrum modification, not Full Spectrum. While this method may be practical for daylight uses where bright visible light can overlap the IR and UV this is not an issue when conducting nighttime paranormal investigations in mostly dark.
measure fluctuations in electromagnet fields (or EM fields). These
fields are a direct result of electrical appliances in home, cell
phones, power lines outside and even fluctuations in solar activity and
weather. Beyond that, a primary theory in the paranormal world is that
entities can manipulate these fields in their attempt to manifest
themselves or interact with our world. The units of measurement
registered on an EMF meter is called milligauss.
are a large number of EMF meters on the market with various features.
The two main differentiation are Single Axis and TriField (or tri-axis)
Single axis EMF meters, like all EMF
devices measure fluctuations in electromagnetic fields. These meters,
however, read these fluctuations in one direction. Typically this
direction is directly ahead of you (as you hold the device in front of
you with the display up). Some, like the Cellsensor meter, include an
attachable probe which you can move around independent of the meter.
This is helpful in maintaining the device isn't moving around too much
which can affect the readout.
Suggested Single Axis Meters:
- As far as single axis meters go, I prefer this one. It has an audio
and visual alarm to alert you when higher readings are detected. It
also includes an attachable probe independant of the meter. Not to
mention, this unit is quite affordable.
Digital EMF Meter - This meter has a digital display for better accuracy in documenting specific readouts.
TriField meters on the other
hand, measure fluctuations in electromagnetic fields but in 3 axis - X,
Y and Z. These devices measure in all directions.
TriField Natural EM Meter - This meter is considered the best for paranormal investigation. This
meter measures magnetic, electric and radio/microwaves focusing mainly
on naturally occurring 'DC' fields. These currents are considered in the
field moreso indicative of paranormal activity.
TriField Meter - This meter offers magnetic, electric, and radio/microwave detection
in one package. Includes an analog readout and an adjustable audio
alert. This meter, however, focuses mainly on 'AC' or man-made
electrical and magnetic fields. This meter is moreso effective in
detecting man-made currents to debunk claims of 'being watched' which
can be caused by faulty wiring and/or electrical leakage. For detecting
paranormal activity, you're better off with the TriField Natural EM
Camcorders / Video Cameras
Another basic tool for every investigation is some kind of video capture device.
Camcorders (or handheld video cameras) have become a staple mainly along with the more recent affordability of them. They can be used not only for detecting paranormal activity but for
documenting your investigation. There are a number of types of camcorders, modifications and accessories to mold it to your use and investigation style.
Full Spectrum Camcorders and Cameras
Most camcorders can be modified to see further into the light spectrum than we
can see with our naked eye. On one end of the spectrum is Infrared (or
IR) while on the opposite end is Ultraviolet (UV). Cameras can be
modified through adjusting or removing filters to see deeper into
either end of the spectrum. Conversion of the camera to see deeper into
both IR and UV is called Full Spectrum.
There are different theories as to what constitutes good Full Spectrum.
In some cases the filter is removed and in others it is replaced to see
IR and UV but NOT the visible spectrum. I consider the latter (where
visible light is blocked) as a multi-spectrum modification, not Full
Spectrum. While this method may be practical for daylight uses where
bright visible light can overlap the IR and UV this is not an issue
when conducting nighttime paranormal investigations in mostly dark. Since ghost hunting and paranormal investigating is typically done in the dark, you need all the light you can get.
The PHOTO to the right is a comparison of 'OUR' Full Spectrum and 'The Other Guys' that block visible light. This quick test makes it quite obvious that, in dark situations, blocking visible light can be quite detrimental to documenting anything.
Below is a VIDEO DEMONSTRATION of the Full Spectrum camcorder along with various lighting choices.
Suggested Camcorders for Ghost Hunting:
Full Spectrum HD Camcorder
- Modified Full Spectrum HD (High Definition) Camcorder with 12MP Camera. This video camera offers 1080p HD quality needed to capture clear evidence. This camcorder has been professionally modified with UV and IR sensitivity to view the full spectrum of light including light not seen with the human eye.
Infrared Camcorder - This camcorder has been professionally modified with IR sensitivity to view further into the spectrum of light not seen with the human eye.
All cameras (just like our eyes) require a good light source. Many can be attached directly to your camera using a shoe mount or tripod mount. The type of light source depends on the kind of camera you are using. An Infrared (IR) sensitive camcorder should be accompanied by an IR light source which is essentially a light that gives off only Infrared light. A Full Spectrum camera should be accompanied by a special Full Spectrum light source. Some people will use a bright white light source with a Full Spectrum camera. The downside to that is lighting up the whole room while you're investigating. This can be distracting to everyone in the investigation group.
Full Spectrum Light - Specially made for Full Spectrum video capture this Full Spectrum light has Infrared, Red, Blue, Green, and Ultravoilet LEDs for true full spectrum illumination. No white or clear light are emitted from them helping maintain a low light room while investigating.
Infrared Camcorder Light - This light has 36 LEDs for a good IR light source. It will attach to just about any camcorder via a shoe or tripod mount.
Have you ever caught movement on camera and you can't quite make out
it's shape or whether it even has a mass to it? Using a laser grid
helps determine both!
have been using custom made laser grids for years to more clearly
detect when movement happens and help define it's shape and whether it
actually has some kind of mass to it. It's best to place a laser grid
in front of a running camera throughout the investigation. Upon review
if movement happens it will be obviously apparent by the breaking of
the laser pattern. You can from there go frame by frame in the video
marking where the pattern shifts thereby drawing an outline shape of
the entity itself. If the pattern moves a certain way you can even
determine if the entity has 3-dimensional mass and map that as well.
Laser Grid Scope
- his high powered laser emits a grid of green dots useful for
detecting shadows or general visual disturbances during an
investigation. Set it in front of a running camera to catch potential
evidence. 6X STRONGER than the imitators.
Shadow Laser Grid GS - This is a new grid we are working on that will be out soon. Keep an eye out!
Motion Detectors & Geiger Counters
Ever received reports of footsteps or shadow people? It's relatively common. Motion sensors or geiger counters are a good way to detect movement.
A motion sensor detects movement within a given range ahead of it and alerts you to the occurance through an audio or visual alert.
Geiger counters (or vibration meters) detect movement or vibration placed upon the unit itself. They will essentially 'listen' to vibrations in the ground or whatever surface it is placed on. You can place a motion sensor or geiger counter on the ground near the reported footsteps to be alerted when it occurs.
Suggested Motion Detectors:
Geophone Motion Sensor
- This ultra-sensitive Geophone circuit 'listens' to vibrations in the ground. The LEDs with light up the moment any vibration or movement is detected. The closer it gets, the higher the LED reading.
Mel Meter Vibe - Simultaneous EMF, Vibration, Touch and Temperature Readout with Red Illuminated Display and Red Flashlight
One theory in paranormal
investigations is that entities can manipulate temperature when
attempting to manifest themselves or interact with us. You may find
cold or warm spots in a room where no cause in apparent. This may be
indicative of something trying to make contact.
detect these anomalies, you will need a thermometer and a little common
sense. If you find a cold spot, for instance, look for any possible
source of the cooler temperature. Look for open vents, windows and fans
as possible sources. Move the thermometer in every direction to find
where the area starts and ends. If the anomaly is relatively
concentrated in on area with no attachments to possible sources, you
may have something attempting to manifest. This is the time to break
out your cameras and audio recorders to attempt furthering your
evidence with communication and/or visuals.
biggest mistake people make with thermometers, however, is using the
wrong type. Here are the two main types of thermometers:
probe thermometer includes a small metal rod or 'bullet' used to detect
ambient temperature (air surrounding the device). This means you are detecting
area around you looking for 'pockets' or abnormal temperature.
Example Probe Thermometer:
Mel Meter - Backlight probe thermometer with large display detects ambient temperature and EMF.
Infrared / Non-Contact Thermometers
people mistakenly use an infrared/non-contact thermometer to detect ambient temperature. These
devices shoot an infrared signature across the room until it hits a
surface. Most include a red laser light so that you can see where the
device is pointing. For this purpose, lets say you're pointing it at a
wall directly across the room from you. The signature takes the
temperature of the surface area and reports back to the device. What
you are doing is taking the temperature of the wall across the room -
NOT the temperature around you. This serves little or no purpose in
detecting cold spots. However, this is effective for detecting
potential sources or abnormal temperature. For instance, if you notice a temperature change in
the room you are in, you'll want to find a source of that. Point the
infrared thermometer at every vent and window to see if colder air is
Don't get confused! Some
infrared/non-contact thermometers do not have a laser on them. So
although you may think it's a probe thermometer it may not be. Make
sure to read the descriptions on the device before purchasing.
Best Of Both Worlds
best bet for usage in paranormal investigations is to get an infrared
thermometer that ALSO includes a probe (usually called a K probe). This
way you can use both techniques discussed above to simultaneously to
detect cold/warm spots around you and their possible sources.
GhostStop.com was formed by a paranormal investigator for paranormal investigators to help provide the best ghost hunting equipment available for the best prices. We have taken the time to test out much of our equipment and offer only what we consider the best equipment for ghost hunting. The 'Our Picks' section features a handful of ghost hunting equipment we use on every investigation.
We offer a wide selection of ghost hunting equipment from EMF meters, digital voice recorders (for EVP), thermometers, thermal cameras, DVR video systems with night vision, equipment cases, digital cameras and video cameras to paranormal magazines, books, DVDs, ghost hunter apparel and more.